Vacuum cleaners have been great, time-saving devices for housecleaning for over 100 years. We couldn't do without them, but it certainly is hard to pick the right one. When you are investing in a vacuum cleaner, there are several points to consider that may help you decide: upright or canister, what is to be vacuumed, vacuum bags (or not), power, filtration, and features.|
Should I buy an upright or a canister?
This choice is partly one of personal preference: do you prefer to push your vacuum or pull it? But the type of floor you have and other chores you expect your vacuum to perform can also have a bearing on the vacuum cleaner you choose.
Since all the parts are contained in the housing that you push around, upright vacuums can be difficult for some people to use. There are self-propelled upright models that are easier to push, but this makes them heavier so choose one that is not self-propelled if you need to carry the vacuum up and down steps. Uprights have a revolving brush roll where the vacuum meets the floor that provides agitation to stir up the dirt so it can be drawn into the machine that makes them very efficient on carpet. They often have two motors - one to make the brush roll revolve and one to provide suction. Most have the option to turn off the brush roll motor to use the vacuum on smooth floors. Added attachments that can be used with the detachable hose make the upright able to offer many cleaning capabilities other than the floor.
Canisters tend to be lighter since the motor, fan, bag, and filters roll along behind you. One drawback for some people is that the canister can get caught up on things since your focus will be on what you are vacuuming in front of you. Canister vacuums can have one or more of three different types of floor tools. The first type uses a non-rotating floor tool so it is straight suction with no agitation for use on hard surface floors. The second type has a floor tool that turns due to airflow when air is pulled into the vacuum by the motor and is called a turbo nozzle that works well on hard surface or low pile carpet. The third type, usually called a power nozzle or powerhead, has a powered floor tool with a separate motor that allows the brush to revolve and supplies friction that is needed for medium to deep pile carpet. Often you get more than one floor tool and several attachments that make a canister able to perform a wide range of cleaning jobs.
What am I going to vacuum?
To help decide which vacuum is right for you, consider the surfaces in your home. Do you have wall-to-wall carpet throughout your home? Is it low pile or deep pile? Do you have stairs? Will you want to vacuum any smooth surface floors such as hardwoods, vinyl, or tile? Do you want to vacuum drapes, blinds, under low furniture, upholstered furniture, or other surfaces?
Most carpets are made with very durable synthetic fibers that can withstand aggressive, brush-roll vacuuming. However, the type of carpet fiber needs to be considered because a vacuum cleaner with a strong-bristled, powerful brush roll could actually damage some carpet. If you have wool or other delicate carpet or area/Oriental rugs they must be treated more gently. Check the cleaning instructions from the manufacturer for the best advice on vacuuming.
- For wall-to-wall carpet with hard surface floors in kitchen and bathrooms, an upright with a brush roll that can be turned off or a canister with both a straight suction and power nozzle are good choices.
- For hard surfaces only, a canister with a straight suction or turbo nozzle would be a good choice.
- For stairs, both the upright and the canister come with tools for the job, but keep the weight of either type of vacuum in mind if you will be carrying the vacuum up and down the steps.
- For under furniture, the floor tool on a canister has better reach under furniture although some uprights have a lie-flat capability that also works well.
- For pets, look for a vacuum with a special attachment for pet hair.
- For drapes, blinds, upholstered furniture and other surfaces, check the tools on either an upright or canister to make sure you have what you need for what you want to do.
Another consideration is the amount of traffic and dirt your carpet has to handle. For instance, if you have children and pets, your carpet may develop traffic patterns that make it appear old before its time. Think about an upright vacuum with a powerful brush roll or a canister vacuum with a motorized power tool.
What about vacuum bags?
Vacuum bags are part of the filtration system of your bagged upright or canister vacuum. The air passes through the bag and deposits the big, heavy particles in the bag. The higher the level of filtration the bag has, the smaller the particle captured and the more dirt that remains in the bag. Changing the bag before it is completely full makes your vacuum work better and last longer. With a bagged vacuum, you do not have as close contact with the dirt, especially if you have a self-closing bag, and some vacuums have an indicator light to let you know when the bag is getting full.
With upright vacuums you have the choice of bagless models. The two main advantages of bagless are that you can see when the bin needs to be emptied and you do not have to purchase bags. However, if you have allergies or asthma, it is best to ask someone else to empty the bin or wear a mask.
How can I compare the power?
Unfortunately, you will need to be a rocket scientist for this part. There are many factors that can be used to compare the power of vacuum cleaners: watts, amps, volts, water lift (or sealed suction), horsepower, air watts, and airflow. Already it is confusing, but to make it worse, different manufacturers give different information and there are other elements that affect the factors. One vacuum may give you amps and another may give you watts and so forth. Watts are equal to amps X 110 (standard volts), so that may help a little for comparison purposes, but lower watts or amps doesn't necessarily mean less power. Airflow can be a good tool for comparison, but again it is affected by the type of bag and filters in the vacuum. Suction can be affected by hose quality and nozzle design. So you really just have to look at everything and do a general comparison trying to get as close to apples to apples as you possibly can.
Is filtration important to allergy & asthma sufferers?
If you or someone in your family has allergies or asthma, you should definitely look for a sealed vacuum cleaner, HEPA filtration, and bags with good filtration. Being a sealed vacuum cleaner means that all the openings in the housing are sealed with gaskets to prevent leakage of air that contains dirt, dust, and allergen particles. A vacuum with HEPA filtration forces air through a HEPA filter that captures 99.97% of particles as small as .3 microns in size. With a sealed vacuum with HEPA filtration, your vacuum cleaner is actually making the air cleaner as you vacuum because the expelled air is so clean.
What features do I really need?
Some features are important to the life of the vacuum cleaner and its basic cleaning ability:
Other features are primarily a matter of convenience, what is important to you, and what you are willing to pay for.
- Warranty. The length of warranty and how to obtain service are good comparison points when choosing a vacuum cleaner. And the more expensive the vacuum, the longer and more comprehensive the warranty should be.
- Height Adjustment. For upright vacuums, the ability to adjust the brush roll to several heights is important for moving from carpeted to uncarpeted areas. Being able to make the right height adjustment for your carpet will affect the life of the machine and the life of the carpet.
- Suction Control. If you are using the vacuum for chores such as cleaning drapes, you will want to be able to decrease suction. Some vacuums have several settings.
As you do your comparison shopping, you may find other features that you can't do without or that you are not willing to pay extra for. Comparing vacuums according to your needs and wants and by price will help you get the most vacuum cleaner for the money.
- Extra Tools. If you plan to use your vacuum for more than just floors, see what extra tools come with the vacuum. The most common extra tools are an upholstery brush, crevice tool, and additional floor tool. If you want your tools at your fingertips, look for an onboard tool caddy or storage compartment.
- Easy-to-use Controls and On/Off Switch. See where the controls and switch are located and if this seems convenient to you.
- Telescopic Wand. This comes in handy for reaching high places and can greatly extend the cleaning radius of the vacuum.
- Retractable Cord. This obviously makes no difference to the cleaning job your canister vacuum does, but it could be a very important convenience factor for you.
- Easy Maneuverability. You will have your own standard of what is acceptable for maneuverability, but the vacuum you choose needs to meet your standards or it will remain in the closet. Before purchasing a vacuum, think about the main ways you will be using it and see if the vacuum you are considering will do that job for you.
- Weight. Again, the weight of the machine is important in certain circumstances. If you have steps in your home that you will be carrying the vacuum up and down, weight is definitely something to check. You might decide to give up some bells and whistles such as a self-propelled machine in order to keep the weight lower.
- Bag Change Indicator. You might like a reminder to tell you when to change the vacuum bag, or you may prefer to simply check it from time to time.
For allergy and asthma sufferers, the most important factor to consider in purchasing a vacuum cleaner is the filtration - look for a sealed HEPA system. Hopefully, the other factors discussed above will give you some helpful comparison points to make an informed choice.
|Neutralize Allergen Anti-Allergen Solution Carpet & Upholstery Treatment neutralizes dust mite allergen and pet dander in carpet and upholstery to prevent allergic reactions.
||Clean Hard FloorsClearly Clean Hard Floor Cleaner from Envirorite's plant-based formula safely and effectively cleans sealed hardwoods, tile, and vinyl with no rinsing needed.
||To Kill Dust MitesDust Mite & Flea Control kills dust mites and fleas and keeps them away, but it's perfectly natural and harmless to your family and pets. Available in powder or liquid.
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